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Publications 2014 - 2015

Publications 2013

Die schnelle Mikrowelle – kurze Behandlungszeiten für die Haltbarmachung von Lebensmitteln

Die schnelle Mikrowelle – kurze Behandlungszeiten für die Haltbarmachung von Lebensmitteln

Workshop KIN Neumünster, 26. Feb 2013, Germany

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Deutsche Wirtschaft im Aufschwung – Gefriertrocknen mit Mikrowellen

Deutsche Wirtschaft im Aufschwung – Gefriertrocknen mit Mikrowellen

Wirtschaft heute – June / July 2013

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Microwave Assisted Processing at Commercial Scale

Microwave Assisted Processing at Commercial Scale

Mr Morschhäuser (Clariant), Mr Scholz (Clariant), Mr Fairweather (PnG), Mr Gibson (PnG), Mr Krull (Clariant), Mr Kappe (Uni Graz) presented during the Zing Conference, Nappa 23 July 2013

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Heat Transfer with the Speed of Light using Microwaves in Industrial Chemical Processes

Heat Transfer with the Speed of Light using Microwaves in Industrial Chemical Processes

Mr Yang Hou Chen, Mr Peter Püschner
presented at AchemAsia 13-16.May 2013, Beijing, China

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Publications 2012

The Potential of the Microwave-Vacuum Technique in Drying of Probiotic and Starter Cultures

The Potential of the Microwave-Vacuum Technique in Drying of Probiotic and Starter Cultures

Ms Sabine Ambros, S.A.W. Bauer, Ulrich Kulozik, Petra Först;
Technische Universität München, Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany
presented during IDS2012 12.Nov 2012 held in Xiamen, China

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White Paper - Microwave freeze drying of fruits & vegetables

White Paper - Microwave freeze drying of fruits & vegetables

Read article on www.chemeurope.com


Microwave-assisted continuous flow synthesis on industrial scale

Microwave-assisted continuous flow synthesis on industrial scale

Read article on www.degruyter.come

Publications 2011

Microwave Vacuum and Freeze-Drying

Microwave Vacuum and Freeze-Drying

The article gives an insight into the latest development of microwave freeze. Basics and examples are explained. Samples were shown at our stand Hall 9 / 542 PowTech 11-13.Oct 2011, Nürnberg/Germany, www.powtech.de

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Field Book of Thermal Process Technology - Machines, Components & Safety

Field Book of Thermal Process Technology - Machines, Components & Safety

2. Edition, Vulkan Verlag
Herbert Pfeifer, Bernhard Nacke, Franz Beneke (Editor)
Contains Chapter 3.5.1. Microwave Plants (Peter-Alexander Püschner)


Publications 2010

State of the Art Microwave - Vacuum Drying of Food

State of the Art Microwave - Vacuum Drying of Food

The article gives an insight into the latest development of microwave vacuum drying of foods for continuous and batch processing. Different microwave machine concepts are presented and explained for industrial production scale use.
17th International Drying Symposium, 03.10.2010 - 06.10.2010, Magdeburg/Germany, www.ids2010.de

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Publications 2008

Microwave Vacuum Drying in the Biotec and Pharmautical industy for gentle and fast drying applications

Microwave Vacuum Drying in the Biotec and Pharmautical industy for gentle and fast drying applications

16th International Drying Symposium (IDS 2008)
9-12 November 2008, Hyderabad, India


Microwave Vacuum Drying of Fruits & Vegetables

Microwave Vacuum Drying of Fruits & Vegetables

GCMEA 2008 MAJIC 1st - Global Congress on Microwave Energy Applications
4-8.Aug 2008, Otsu Prince Hotel, Lake Biwa, Japan


Publications 2007

Microwave Vacuum Drying of Fruits & Vegetables

Microwave Vacuum Drying of Fruits & Vegetables

The 5th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference (ADC07)
August 13-15, 2007, Hong Kong

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Publications 2005

The microwave processing of foods

Book title "The microwave processing of foods"

Woodhead ISBN 1 85573 964 X


New on the market: Microwave sintering

New on the market: Microwave Sintering

InterCeram Vol. 54 Jan 2005


Publications 2004

Effects of Microwaves on Sintering Process

Effects of Microwaves on Sintering Process

PM2004 World Congress, 17-21 Oct 2004, Vienna

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Publications 2003

Only Benefits - Microwave Vacuum Drying in modern Process Contro

Benefits Only - Microwave Vacuum Drying in modern Process Control

Chemie-Technik

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Fast controlled Heat on Demand

Fast controlled Heat on Demand

Chemie-Produktion


Mikrowellen-Drying in the High-end Technology

Mikrowellen-Drying in the High-end Technology

Chemie-Anlagen+Verfahren


Publications 2002

Drying under Explosive Protection - fast and low Temperature Drying using Microwave Vacuum technology

Drying under Explosive Protection - fast and low Temperature Drying using Microwave Vacuum technology

Chemie-Anlagen+Verfahren


Microwave vacuum drying in modern process technology

Microwave vacuum drying in modern process technology

Schüttgut

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Publications 2000

Microwave sintering of ceramics with extreme heating rates

Microwave sintering of ceramics with extreme heating rates

Ceramitec

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Publications 1999 - 1998

Speed Freak - Rapid Microwave Volume Heating of Strand Products e.g. Pultrusion Plants

Speed Freak - Rapid Microwave Volume Heating of Strand Products e.g. Pultrusion Plants

Plast Verarbeiter

Microwave Continuous Sinter Process

Microwave Continuous Sinter Process

Compacted ceramic powder cores are normally sintered at elevated temperatures in order to improve their mechanical stability by means of enhanced density and a small grain size. During sintering in conventional high-temperature furnaces, the energy from live molybdenum heating elements is transferred to the powder blanks via infrared radiation and thermal conduction. The low depth of penetration of the energy into the powder blanks and the associated high temperature gradient mean that the rate at which the powder blanks can be heated up must be kept extremely low, in order to prevent the occurrence of cracks in them. The high-thermal capacity of the known furnace types and the merely slow transfer of heat to the powder blanks result in a long heating-up and cooling period which cause long system downtimes if malfunctions occur. In addition, conventional high-temperature furnaces require comprehensive thermal insulation in order to efficiently reduce ambient heat loss. It is, nonetheless, necessary to renew the thermal insulation partially or completely at regular, relatively short intervals. The system remains unavailable for prolonged periods due to this work. The following article describes a microwave concept which avoids the above-mentioned disadvantages of conventional molybdenum technology and, in addition, offers process-engineering benefits.

'elektrowärme international' 2/1999

Microwave Vacuum Drying for advanced Process Technology Vakuum

Microwave Vacuum Drying for advanced Process Technology Vakuum

in Forschung und Praxis

Direct to Destination - Desorption using Microwaves

Direct to Destination - Desorption using Microwaves

Chemie Umwelt Technik

Drying without Frictional Losses - Rapid Microwave Drying in High-End Applications

Drying without Frictional Losses - Rapid Microwave Drying in High-End Applications

Chemie-Anlagen+Verfahren

High-Temperature Technology based on Microwave Systems

High-Temperature Technology based on Microwave Systems

Abstract:
The importance of the microwave process technology in the production of ceramics has rapidly increased within the last years. Higher densities, more homogenous structures, less granulation growth, and a drastic saving of energy were only some of the advantages. Many procedures are now well tested under laboratory conditions. Yet, the only problems we are facing today are connected to the upscale measure of laboratory prototypes, in order to achieve industrial throughput rates. This article intends to give an insight into the state-of-the-art microwave sintering of ceramics. Some actual applications of laboratory prototypes as well as installed pilot plants are presented.

Keramische Zeitschrift 50 [4] 1998

Publications 1997

Rapid Microwave Heating

Rapid Microwave Heating

Liquefying Chemical Raw Materials Using Microwaves, Chemie-Produktion 8/1997

Rapid Microwave Heating

Continous heating in closed bottles

Process, 6 / 1997

Rapid Microwave Heating

Microwaves and D-Panthenol

5 / 1997
Cosmetics production can no longer be imagined without the versatile and multi-active ingredient Panthenol. An addition of 0.1% up to 5% D-Panthenol is capable of distinctly improving the protective and cosmetic efficacy of skin and hair care formulations. This is induced by the substance's moisturizing, anti-inflammatory, hair strengthening and regenerating effects, as well as its epithelial cell growth stimulation. As yet, however, problems existed in handling the highly viscous material (10500 cPa/30°C), which needs to be liquefied first in order to be processed into the various cosmetic formulations. An improvement of the substance's flow characteristics is usually accomplished by heat exposure of 70 °C, preferably using a water-bath or an incubator. Higher temperatures should be avoided to ensure the compound's stability and activity. Equilibration of the final temperature by conventional means is a time-consuming process lasting several hours, and as such produces costs and reduces the flexibility in production. A solution to this problem was developed by a producer of the compound (Daiichi Pharmaceutical Europe GmbH) in cooperation with a producer of industrial microwave heating plants. The novel procedure utilizes microwave energy (microwave radiation) in which heat is generated by direct conversion of electromagnetic energy into molecular kinetic energy, i.e. within the raw material itself. The heat must not penetrate into the product via high surface temperatures, but is produced within the range of the radiation's penetration depth. In our trial investigations standard packages such as 10 kg HD-polyethylene bottles were uniformly heated from 20 °C to 70 °C by employing a microwave plant for 5 minutes at 4kW. Fluidizing the samples was achieved approximately 70-times faster than by employing conventional heating technology which would require about six hours to carry out the same task. Different plants with power ranges from 3kW up to 12 kW are designed to manage all container models usual in trade between 10kg and 200kg. The heated samples were subject to extensive analysis. The active D-panthenol isomer accounting for the biological activity of the vitamin remained structurally intact. At high ambient relative humidity, a slight moisture increase occurred due to the hygroscopic properties of the compound. Upon exposing the samples to extreme heat above 120 °C, no racemates were formed, but a molecular cleavage yielding the precursors of synthesis did become observable. Owing to advanced microwave technology, such over-heating can now be excluded. The whole heating procedure runs automatically and is actively controlled by means of temperature monitoring. As soon as the sample has become fluid, the temperature is held constant. Thus, the innovative procedure presents an alternative to conventional heating, which is gentle to the product and also maintains its high quality. Other advantages result from the short heating times which enable quick responses to short-term production changes and allow more flexible organization of the entire logistics. The high degree of total efficiency and the immediate operating readiness guarantee economic performance. Finally, other highly viscous components can be processed using the microwave plant, such as emulsifiers. Melting is a common procedure in the further processing of cosmetic raw materials. Known conventional heating methods based on contact, convection, and infrared-radiation can be partially substituted by microwave radiation. There are experimental results now available in this field of application as well. For example, the time needed to heat up an amount of 5 kg of various emulsifiers to 70 °C, upon applying a power of 3kW, was between 6 and 11 minutes. Consequently, a microwave plant is universally applicable. New perspectives in the technology of cosmetics production are conceivable for the near future.

* DAIICHI Pharmaceutical Europe GmbH, Immermannstr. 50-52, 40210 Düsseldorf
** Püschner Mikrowellen Energietechnik GmbH&Co KG, 28790 Schwanewede
SÖFW

Rapid Microwave Heating

Studies on the Recovery of Solvents from Aqueous Phase by Adsorption and Microwave Desorption

An important task in the field of environmental technology for industries employing organic solvents is to purify occurring process and waste waters. From an economic perspective, it is clear that attempts should be made to separate the organic solvent from these waters and recycle it back into the original process. One solution for the recovery of organic solvents consists of applying adsorption procedures. This represents the current state-of-the-art in waste water treatment and other technologies involved in water management and environment protection. Mostly, the efforts required for regenerating the adsorption material determine the economic efficiency of the method. The prolonged regeneration times in thermal desorption, which are due to the low thermal conductivity values of the absorbing materials, exert disadvantageous effects on the costs of these procedures. In a research project supported by the German Federal Foundation for the Environment, an adsorption procedure to purify waste waters, along with the recovery of organic solvents by heat desorption, was developed at the Technical University in Berlin. In cooperation with the Püschner Microwave-Energy Technical Company in Bremen, this university is concerned with research in the treatment of raw materials and remainders.,. The heat needed for the desorption process was supplied to the absorber with the aid of microwave energy. Thus, the low thermal conductivity of the absorber does not limit the heat input, and as a result, very short regeneration times can be expected. Hydrophobic Na-ZSM5-zeolite was used as a hydrophobic adsorbent which was intended to guarantee a selective separation of the organic solvent/ water mixture. The investigations were carried out using ethanol concentrations ranging from 1 vol% up to 5 vol%. A 4- to 10-fold concentration of the ethanol from the original mixture was successfully accomplished. By employing microwave energy in the desorption step, the regeneration time was considerably shortened as compared to the regenerative procedures using thermal energy. A capacity loss in the zeolitic material was not observed after the performance of several adsorption -and desorption cycles. Another advantage of employing microwave energy consists in the homogenous distribution of the desorption heat within the column of the absorbent, whereby the temperature hardly exceeds the evaporation temperature of the organic solvent/water mixture. As a result, the recovered solvent is not structurally destroyed and is ready to be re-employed in the process.

Chemie, Ingenieur, Technik, 4 / 97

Rapid Microwave Heating

Püschner To Premiere Beaming New Microwave Apps

at ACHEMA '97 vor TNI 3/97

Publications 1990

Rapid Microwave Heating

Microwave Continuous Flow Heater for coagulation, pasteurisation and sterilisation in food processing

FOODTEC No.4/90

Heating by Microwaves

Heating by Microwaves

basics, components, applications

Philips Reference Book
ISBN 3-87145-219-X